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24/09/2020

Sobne biljke za pročišćavanje vazduha

Author:Snežana Tucović

Ljudi najviše vole biljke zbog njihove dekorativnosti, lepog mirisa, a neke zato jer su jestive i lekovite. Ono najlepše kog biljaka je, što isto kao i drveće, važe za „pluća“ naše zemlje, jer imaju moć da proizvode kiseonik u procesu fotosinteze. 

Biljke ne samo da su dobre za popravljanje kvaliteta vazduha, već i eliminišu toksine, hemijska isparenja, mikrobe iz vazduha, spore buđi. Biljke podstiču produktivnost, koncentraciju, jačaju memoriju, utiču na nesanicu, a uz to i dovode vlažnost vazduha, na odgovarajući nivo.

Iz svih ovih razloga, čovek je biljke uneo u svoj dom. Te biljke, jednim imenom, zovemo sobne biljke. Među njima svakako postoje one koje su najbolje sobne biljke, a mi bismo izdvojili sledeće kao naše omiljene i kao biljke koje odlično pročišćavaju vazduh. 

Dracena

Dracena spada u  najbolje sobne biljke, ili biljke za kuću. Afričkog  je porekla, tačnije  sa Madagaskara, a njeno ime u prevodu sa grčkog znači „ženski zmaj“, pa je negde poznata i pod tim nazivom. Ovo je dekorativno sobno cveće izuzetno pogodno za stan zbog lakog održavanja i blagotvornih dejstava koje ima na vazduh u prostoriji. 

Za dracenu se može reći, da spada u najbolje biljke koje čiste vazduh. Ona kao sobno cveće, zahteva dosta svetlosti, ali je nemojte izlagati direktnoj svetosti i promaji. Treba je zalivati svaka četiri dana kišnicom, ili ustajalom vodom. Važno je održavati vaduh vlažnim, suv vazduh joj ne pogoduje. Minimalne zimske temperature za ove biljke za kuću i njihov pravilan rast i razvoj su od 15°C do 18°C, a leti od 23°C do 26 °C.

Presađivanje ove biljke za stan, ili biljke za sobu, obavlja se u proleće, obično svake druge godine, za šta je idealna duboka saksija, za broj veća od predhodne, sa dobrom drenažom. 

Dracena je uvršćena na spisak biljaka, kao najbolje cveće za pročišćavanje vazduha, ili kao sobno cveće –  ove biljke za stan, najefikasniji su čistači vazduha.

Hlorofitum

Ova biljka koja spada u omiljene sobne biljke, ili biljke koje čiste vazduh, ni najmanje nije zahtevna i možete je držati na svetlosti, ili u senci. Na svetlosti hlorofitum vremenom postaje svetliji, a pruge na njegovim listovima vrlo dekorativne, dok kod biljaka u senci one postepeno nestaju.

Hlorofitum,  kao  sobno cveće, veoma efikasno apsorbuje izduvne gasove. Stoga, ova biljka kao cveće koje čisti vadzuh  je prosto neophodna svim koji žive na prvom i drugom spratu. Takođe, ova biljka je nezaobilazna  u domovima onih koji puše, jer zeleni ljiljan odlično neutrališe duvanski dim.

Svi mi veliki deo života provodimo u kući i zato je važno da u njoj imamo biljke za sobu, ili biljke za kuću, koje će stvoriti prijatne uslove za život. 

Fikus Bendžamin (uplakana smokva)

Poreklom je iz južne i jugoistočne Azije i Australije, mada se može naći u svim toplim delovima sveta, fikus Bendžamin jedna je od omiljenih sobnih biljaka. Skoro da nema doma koji ne krasi „uplakana smokva“, kako se još naziva ovo cveće.

Fikus Bendžamin spada u sobne biljke. Može se uzgajati u vidu grma u saksiji, a može biti i u vidu drveta. Bendžamin fikus zahteva dosta svetlosti, ali ne prejake, pa ga možete postaviti na metar od prozor, ili čak u senci/polusenci. Zalivanje ove sobne biljke, tokom letnjiih dana, dva do tri puta sedmično, a tokom zimskih jednom nedeljno.
Prehranjivanje se vrši jednom mesečno u proleće i leto, rastvorom vode i preparatom za lisnate sobne biljke.

S obzirom da spada u sobne biljke koje čiste vazduh, odnosno kućne biljke koje čiste vazduh, fikus Bendžamin je najbolje sobno cveće koje pročišćava vazduh  i spada u najbolje biljke protiv nesanice.

Salonska palma Chamaedorea

Poreklom iz tropskih džungli jugoistočnog Meksika i Gvatemale, ova članica velike porodice palmi dostiže relativno malu visinu u sobnim uslovima – Chamaedorea elegans obično ne pređe 1,20m. Izduženi listovi na elegantnim granama čine ovu palmu rado viđenim ukrasom u mnogim enterijerima. Ova izdržljiva sobna biljka stekla je mnoga imena – „salonska palma“, „elegans“, a po latinskom nazivu.

„Elegans“ je vrlo izdržljiva biljka, ali povedite računa da ne bude pod direktnim sunčevim zracima, jer će oni izazvati smeđe mrlje na lišću. Poznata i pod nadimkom „salonska palma“, Chamaedorea ne voli preobilno prihranjivanje – to znači, jednom mesečno u proleće i leto i jednom u dva meseca tokom jeseni i zime. Imajte na umu da palme imaju dug koren, pa bi bilo dobro da saksija bude duboka i uska.

Cveće za pročišćavanje vazduha u prostorima u kojim boravimo, podstiče osećaj blagostanja i utiče na to da budemo smireni i optimistični. Osim toga, za ove biljke za sobu se već pouzdano zna, da smanjuju krvni pritisak, a samim tim i stres.  Sobne biljke koje čiste vazduh zapravo proizvode kiseonik i smanjuju nivo ugljen-dioksida u vazduhu, pa ukoliko ih držite u svom domu, manja je verovatnoća da ćete udisati ustajao vazduh koji doprinosi pojavu glavobolje. 

Ukoliko decu u ranom dobu izložite nekim biljkama koje su povezane sa alergijama, to može biti svojevrsna „vakcinacija“, koja će potpomoći jačanje dečjeg imuniteta. 

Zaista, mnogo razloga je, da u svoj dom unesete ove divne biljke.

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